Liposuction procedure is primarily a cosmetic surgical procedure, done to remove excess fat specifically from areas of the body in which fat is difficult to get rid of by exercise and diet.
In liposuction, the surgeon removes fat from the targeted areas where too much fat accumulates, such as the waist, thighs, buttocks, back, arms, and sometimes face to improve body contour.
Liposuction is classified as a surgical procedure, and this kind of surgery is not without risks and complications.
Doctors do not recommend liposuction for patients with cardiovascular disease, deep vein thrombosis or diabetes, or any chronic illness that can cause a delay in wound healing and tissue regeneration.
Experts also think the perfect candidate for liposuction procedure must own thick, flexible and elastic skin, and preferably is not a smoker, and has good muscle tone, these factors help in getting optimal results and play an active role in the success of the procedure.
In liposuction, the surgeon uses a thin needle-like tube called a cannula, this cannula is attached to a device that creates a negative pressure “vacuum” to aspirate or suck out fat accumulated under the skin.
There are several methods used in liposuction:
It is the most popular method and the most commonly used. In tumescent liposuction, the surgeon injects a saline solution into the targeted area where fat needs to be removed. This solution contains water, salt, a local anesthetic, and adrenaline that helps constrict small blood vessels, which decreases pain and blood loss throughout the procedure.
The surgeon applies an ultrasonic energy-emitting device to the fat under the skin to dissolve it and facilitate its removal by suction.
In this method laser is used to melt away the fat accumulated under the skin, to be removed later by suctioning it.
Generally, you don’t need to stay in the hospital after liposuction.
You may experience some bruises and blue discoloration in the skin, swelling or mild pain for several days, and you may need to wear compression bandages for 1 to 2 months after the procedure to control swelling.
Your doctor usually prescribes an antibiotic to avoid infection and inflammation in the wounds and under the skin, you may also take some mild painkillers to decrease pain and inflammation.
You can return to work and resume your normal life routine in a couple weeks after the surgery.
No matter how simple liposuction procedure may seem to you, it is not without potential risks and complications, just like any other surgical procedure.
Among the most important complications that may occur during or after the operation:
After liposuction procedure, you may gain additional weight again if you are not serious about watching your diet. To maintain the results of the surgery, you must monitor your diet and commit to regular exercises.
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