What is Gum Grafting? How is it done? Everything you need to know about it
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What is the Gums Recession?
Gingival recession is receding margin and damage of periodontal tissue surrounding the teeth, exposing more tooth circumference, or tooth root. When the gums recede, gaps can form between the gums and teeth, allowing the accumulation of pathogenic bacteria.
What are gum diseases?
Periodontal diseases afflict the diseases of the tissues that hold the teeth in place.
Usually, the reason for this is the wrong brushing and flossing habits that allow plaque buildup, a sticky layer of bacteria on the teeth, then harden.
A person with periodontal disease often has one or more of the following signs and symptoms:
- Red and swollen gums that bleed very easily, even while brushing or flossing.
- White spots on the gums.
- The gums appear to be moving away from the teeth.
1. Gum abscess
A gum abscess is a localized accumulation of pus within the gum tissue and is a type of dental abscess.
Gingivitis is an acute inflammation of gums that can lead to tooth loss and other health complications. Gingivitis is a serious gum infection that destroys soft tissues, leaving it untreated, can destroy the bone supporting teeth.
Cause of swollen gums
The most common causes of gum swelling are:
Gingivitis is the most common cause of gingival swelling. Gingivitis leads to irritation and swelling of the gums.
Malnutrition and lack of vitamins, especially vitamins B and C, can cause gum swelling.
Inappropriate and unstable dentures lead to pain, irritation in the gums, causing greater problems from infections and swelling in the gums that may lead to poor nutrition, which requires immediate denture repair or replacement.
Gums can swell during pregnancy due to the increase in hormones that the body produces during pregnancy, which increases blood flow in the gums, leading to irritation of the gums more easily, and then swelling later.
4. Allergy reaction to toothpaste or mouthwash.
5. Food particles are stuck between teeth and gums
6. Side effects of some medications.
Causes of gingival recession
Many factors can cause gums to recede, including:
1. Periodontal disease
Gum infections, caused by bacteria, destroy gum tissue and bone that keep teeth in place. Gum disease is the main cause of receding gums. The early stage of periodontal disease is often not painful, so symptoms often go unnoticed.
Early stages of periodontal disease can be seen with minor symptoms including:
- Red, swollen gums
- Gums that cause pain on touching
- Bleeding Gum
- Chronic bad breath
Some people are more likely to develop periodontal disease and studies show that 30% of people may be at risk of developing periodontal disease, even if they take care of their teeth.
3. Hard teeth brushing
Hard or improper teeth brushing, can erode the enamel and retract gums.
4. Poor dental health
Brushing, flossing, and anti-bacterial oral brushes with insufficient or wrong brushing may cause plaque to turn into calculus, which is a hard substance that forms on and between your teeth so that they can only be removed with a visit to the dentist.
5. Levels of hormones
Changes in hormone levels such as estrogen in women, at puberty and pregnancy, can make the gums increasingly sensitive and prone to gingival shrinkage.
6. Tobacco products
Smoking and Tobacco hazards on the body in general, and the mouth, teeth, and gums in particular, are many including gums recession.
7. Bruxism (Teeth grinding)
Grinding or rubbing teeth together can expose the teeth to excessive force, causing the gums to recede.
8. Crooked or uneven teeth
When the teeth are crooked and uneven, a lot of pressure is formed on the gums and the bone surrounding them, causing the gums to recede.
Periodontal treatment methods
Laser Periodontal treatment
Laser therapy is a procedure for preserving and regenerating tissues and building bone. In general dentistry, the dentist uses laser to reach the affected sinus to remove infected tissue and bacteria. Once the affected tissue is removed and the root is detected, plaque and calculus are removed.
Laser treatment ensures that no tissue is damaged or gum tissue reduced, and it stimulates stem cells in tissues to form new connective tissues, bones, and collagen to rejuvenate the healing process of the body's lost ligaments and bones around the tooth.
Can gum be grafted?
Yes, it is a type of dental surgery that is performed to correct the effects of receding gums.
Whats is the process of gum grafting?
It is a relatively fast and relatively simple surgery in which the Periodontist removes healthy gum tissue from the surface of the mouth and uses it to build the gums again where it has subsided or receded.
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