Before discussing the treatment of scoliosis in Turkey and the techniques used, we will explain what scoliosis is.
Normally, the spine is straight when viewed from behind or from the front.
In the case of scoliosis, there is a sideway curve in the spine which can be evident as a “C” or “S” shaped curve when you look at the back of the person affected. This sideway curve often appears and increase during the period of rapid growth in adolescence.
Scoliosis affects three out of every one hundred children, and appears in each patient differently, so the results of treatment can vary from person to person depending upon their case.
One of the most important things in the treatment of scoliosis to determine the treatment method is early detection of scoliosis, as it plays a positive role that is reflected in the treatment results.
Scoliosis can be treated with non-surgical methods (exercises and corset braces), especially for mild cases or when an early diagnosis of scoliosis is made.
Scoliosis can also be treated with simple surgical methods which include limited surgical intervention such as connecting the bodies of the vertebrae on one side using a belt made of special materials such as those used in artificial alternatives to the veins and others. This surgical technique does not impede the growth or movement.
The belt prevents the growth of the spine towards the curvature and allows it to grow in the other side, this process leads to an immediate and clear improvement in the abnormal curvature of the spine, and also prevents this curvature from increasing in the future. This technique has shown a great success eliminating the need for the traditional surgical alternatives that included greater surgical intervention such as spinal fixation using metal rods which disturbs growth and affects patient movement.
Multidisciplinary approach to scoliosis and joint action is the second factor for the success of treatment for scoliosis after early diagnosis, as joint work includes coordination between the patient's family, the surgeon, the physical therapist, and the psychologist, and their ability to work under one roof in an atmosphere of fruitful cooperation.
Nowadays, the choice of the method of treatment depends not only on the degree of curvature of the spine, but also choosing the best method that fits with the patient's personality and expectations, and the extent of the effect that scoliosis have on the patient quality of life.
In the past, in the event of late diagnosis and treatment, the surgical treatment of scoliosis through spinal fixation caused a lot of pain and problems in the heart and lungs, but in these days it is possible to prevent these side effects that negatively affect the patient's quality of life.
Many patients who used to be seen inoperable or difficult to treat, or those whom surgery used to pose a significant a risk to their lives, all of these can now undergo highly successful surgeries.
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