The deadly Coronavirus occupied the world and the media, spreading terror across the world, it started its horrific journey from China to several countries around the world, causing so far the death of nearly 1775 people around the world. This terrible phenomenon has raised many questions and was accompanied by many facts alongside myths and hearsay.
Due to the importance of the issue and the consequent measures to prevent infection with the Coronavirus, the Turkish Ministry of Health has initiated a warning publication, in which it has answered 25 questions that summarize most of the questions on this dangerous virus.
Coronavirus is a group of viruses that cause flu, usually seen every year during the seasonal flu period. The coronavirus subtypes that circulate in humans and cause most cases of flu are HCoV-229E, HCoV-OC43, HCoV-NL63 and HKU1-CoV. Also, coronaviruses have caused severe diseases such as Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS-CoV) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS-CoV).
Because of the measures taken against SARS, it is no longer present.
Where there was only one MERS-CoV case in Turkey in 2014, and because of the measures were taken against it no other cases were reported.
The source of coronaviruses are animals (zoonotic), however, it can be transmitted to humans under certain conditions, then it can be transmitted from person to person. As a result of detailed research, it has been revealed by accurate results of researches that SARS-CoV was transmitted to humans from musk cats, and MERS-CoV is transmitted from single-humped camels. Many coronaviruses have not yet been transmitted to humans but are detected in animals.
New coronavirus (2019-nCoV); It is a new coronavirus subtype not previously detected in humans and was identified on January 7, 2020
The first reports of the new coronavirus (2019-nCoV) disease were made by WHO on December 31, 2019, as cases of pneumonia of unknown etiology in Wuhan, Hubei province, China.
The exact source of the new coronavirus (2019-nCoV) is unknown. The early reported cases were reported in the Wuhan South China Seafood City Market (a domestic and wild fish market for domestic and wild animal species) employees in the south of Wuhan, China, suggesting that the virus probably originated from an animal source.
The way of transmission is not fully known. It is transmitted from animal to human, and from human to another.
It is assumed that it is transmitted via indirect contact by droplets.
The incubation period of the virus is not known. It is thought to be between 2-14 days.
Although it is reported that there may be asymptomatic (no findings) cases, their ratio is unknown. The most common symptoms are fever, cough, and respiratory distress. However, in severe cases, pneumonia, severe acute respiratory failure, kidney failure, and death may develop.
The available data show that the elderly and those with concomitant disease are more susceptible.
People who come to Turkey from the regions where the new coronavirus (2019-nCoV) infection is seen intensely and who show any respiratory symptoms are evaluated under the appropriate conditions and evaluated for the possibility of disease and a respiratory sample is taken. New coronavirus (2019-nCoV) disease has not been detected in the cases evaluated within this scope so far.
The progress in the world and the international spread of the disease are closely monitored by our Ministry. After receiving the first news about the spread of the disease, the disease started to be followed closely. Risk Assessment and Science Board meetings were held for the new coronavirus (2019-nCoV) disease. all sides of the issue are to be followed with concerns like (Turkish airlines, Turkey General Directorate of Border and Coastal Health, General Directorate of Turkish Public Hospitals, etc ) by meetings and events to be involved in the process. A team was formed on a 24/7 basis, In Turkey necessary measures have been taken under the recommendations of the World Health Organization. At the entrance points of Turkey, such as airports and sea entry points, measures have been taken to identify sick passengers who may come from risky areas, and the actions to be taken in case of suspicion of illness have been determined. A guideline on diagnosis, disease-related procedures, prevention, and control measures has been prepared. Management algorithms for identified cases have been created and the duties and responsibilities of the related parties have been defined. The guide also includes things to do for people going to or coming from countries with cases. This guide, which is constantly updated, is available on the official website of the General Directorate of Public Health. Also, respiratory tract samples are taken from people who follow the definition of possible cases and are isolated in health facility conditions until the sample result is obtained.
No, there is no vaccine developed yet.
The basic principles proposed to reduce the overall risk of transmission of acute respiratory infections also apply to the new coronavirus. These are;
The basic principles proposed to reduce the overall risk of transmission of acute respiratory infections also apply to the new coronavirus.
The basic principles proposed to reduce the overall risk of transmission of acute respiratory infections apply. Also, cooked foods should be preferred over raw foods.
Following the updated case definitions, samples are taken from people who are likely to have 2019-nCoV disease and necessary examinations are made to confirm the diagnosis. Respiratory tract samples are taken from the people whose disease probability is considered and evaluated in the laboratories of the Ministry of Health. In laboratories, pancoronavirus test is performed first in respiratory tract samples, and a positive diagnosis can be made by performing sequence analysis in positive samples.
Generally, these viruses are unlikely to be transmitted by package or cargo, since their chances of surviving on surfaces are very low.
Considering the increase in commercial and cultural relations and transportation between the countries in the current century, there is a possibility that such cases occur in Turkey, like many countries in the world.
Currently, there is no travel restriction to China by the World Health Organization (WHO), but there are recommendations to avoid risky areas unless necessary. On the other hand, the Chinese administration stopped entry and exit at the Wuhan region, where the cases were intense to prevent the spread of the infection. For this reason, it is recommended to make a travel plan considering the restrictions made by the Chinese government.
Also, the official announcement of the "Travel Alert for China" dated 27 January 2020 is available on the official website of the Turkish Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
Good ventilation of the vehicles and standard general cleaning is recommended.
Standard cleaning measures are suitable for accommodation facilities since the virus cannot survive on inanimate surfaces for a long time.
General infection protection measures mentioned above should be taken.
General infection protection measures should be taken.
General infection protection measures should be taken. Besides, Strict steps are taken if a case is found and will be planned by healthcare professionals.
Precision medicine in Turkey and other initiatives aimed to reduce the costs of health care services for visitors from abroad, including the government's announcement of raising the value-added tax for non-residents who receive medical treatments in institutions approved by the Ministry of Health, and the growing interest of the Turkish government in medical tourism all this made Turkey the third destination globally in this field, as it attracted a quarter of a million visitors for the medical tourism in the year 2019.
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