What is alopecia areata, what are the treatment methods, is it contagious?
Table of contents
What is alopecia areata?
Alopecia areata, also known as spot baldness, is a condition in which bald spots are formed in some or all areas of the body. It often formed on the scalp, each one the size of a coin, it is worth noting that people with this disease do not have health problems.
The causes of alopecia areata
Research indicates that the main reason behind this disease is the weakening and attack by the immune system on hair follicles with the help of other factors such as genetic factors, fungal infections, and psychological pressure.
Sign & Symptoms of alopecia areata
The main symptom of alopecia areata is hair loss. Hair usually falls in small spots on the scalp, often these patches are several centimeters or less.
Hair loss may also occur in other parts of the face, such as eyebrows, eyelashes, and beard, as well as other parts of the body. Spots can be few or multiple.
Treatment methods of alopecia areata
The most common treatment for alopecia areata is the use of immunosuppressants or anti-inflammatory drugs called corticosteroids. These medications can be taken by injection, topical ointment, or by mouth.
Other medications that can be prescribed that either enhance hair growth or prevent the immune system attack include minoxidil, anthralin, and although some of these medications may help regrow hair, they cannot prevent the formation of new bald spots.
Natural treatment of alopecia
The traditional and herbal remedies for alopecia are very limited, and some herbal and natural preparations have proven very effective in stopping hair loss and helping to grow hair again. Below we review the most important of them:
- Garlic juice
- Chilled green tea
- Almond oil
- Rosemary oil
- Coconut milk
Applied to the affected area of the scalp or body regularly and frequently, and it is worth noting that these natural products do not have any damages or side effects.
Is Hair Transplant possible for alopecia areata?
Hair Transplant is not considered a general treatment for alopecia areata, especially in cases of universal alopecia areata where the donor's site is not sufficient to cover the requirement. However, hair Transplant can be applied only in certain cases of alopecia areata.
Contact us to find out if you are a suitable candidate for hair transplantation.
Questions and answers about alopecia areata
1. Is alopecia areata contagious disease?
In general, it is not a contagious condition, it is rarely due to contagiousness.
2. What are the modes of transmission of alopecia areata?
Although alopecia areata is not generally contagious, that is, it does not transmit from an infected person to another healthy, but some studies indicate that it can be transmitted at the schooling stage, i.e. among school students when they share their personal belongings, such as hats.
Some studies also indicate that it is possible to transfer it from parents to their children by 50%.
3. Which age group is most vulnerable to "Tonya" or alopecia?
People under the age of thirty, and it is noteworthy that alopecia areata begins in childhood and adolescence in many cases.
4. Is alopecia a genetic disease?
Alopecia areata is not like other genetic diseases, that is, the newborn will not develop alopecia areata by 50% if one of the parents is infected, but researchers believe that several genes exist in some people and affect their disease, along with several different environmental factors.
5. Does alopecia cause hair loss?
Alopecia areata is a condition that causes hair loss in small spots, which can be unnoticeable. However, these spots may contact, then they become noticeable and the condition develops when the immune system attacks the hair follicles, leading to hair loss.
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