Question and answer about Coronavirus with a Chest Specialist
What is Coronavirus?
It is a virus surrounded by conflicting news and speculation because it is newfound, started in Wuhan, China in December 2019, It is a non-living organism weak in structure, covered by protein, and it is composed of RNA, zoonotic, likely came from bats or pangolin. Corona is a Latin word for Crown.
Initial symptoms are similar to the common cold and flu. The most common symptoms are fever, cough, shortness of breath, general fatigue, and un-common symptoms such as muscle pain, nausea, diarrhea, olfactory loss, headache, and sore throat.
The difference between spring allergy and corona
Nonallergic rhinitis or pollen allergy symptoms are sneezing, itchy nose, and runny nose, but the difference is in terms of severity where the symptoms are more severe for corona patients, especially if associated with pneumonia.
What to do if you suspect catching Coronavirus?
Regarding the system in Turkey, as announced by the Ministry of Health, it is best to stay at home and call 184, and a specialized team will guide you for the correct behavior. If you can not contact them, call an ambulance at 112.
The infected persons staying at home must isolate themselves from family, especially the elderly.
Recently, the Minister of Health announced that the affected person can take all precautions and then contact the nearest health center for diagnosis and early detection.
Corona prevention measures
- Staying at home except for necessity.
- Stay away from crowded places such as the market and find times when it is less crowded.
- Commitment to the physical distance for not less than two meters.
- Personal hygiene wash hands with soap or cologne regularly.
- Waer facemasks before going out. The facemasks protect you from infection and protect others if you are infected.
- If you suspect a Corona infection, try to reach the nearest medical center because early diagnosis increases the rate and speed of recovery and protects you from complications.
Ways to boost immunity against coronavirus
- Balanced nutrition, the body must have adequate nutrition and get all the nutrients.
- Adequate sleep and avoid body fatigue, as stress in the body, weaken immunity.
And we warn against taking vitamins without consulting the doctor because an excess of some vitamins such as vitamin D is harmful, vitamins can be taken in natural ways such as citrus fruits for vitamin C.
Turkey's health system
We saw the global health system collapse for several reasons, the most important is that it is new and no accurate information about it. The World Health Organization is working to stop the escalation of this rapid spread. Hospitals can not accommodate this large number of patients at the same time or within a short time, as we have seen in Europe, but in Turkey, doctors are used to examining approximately 1,000 patients daily and hospitals are accustomed to this burden.
Following the Filyasyon procedure is a medical term that means the process of scanning a chain of people who are likely to have an infectious disease.
It is a unique system that works by looking for the source of infection and not a comprehensive survey, which distinguishes the health system in Turkey and the impressive success achieved.
Despite significant infections throughout Turkey and Istanbul, in particular, only less than 60% of the beds are occupied in Istanbul and less than 35% in all of Turkey.
Common questions about Coronavirus
Is Coronavirus dangerous?
The danger of the infection and its severity vary according to location and according to several factors.
Coronavirus infection caused by the droplets of an infected person through the mouth, nose, or eye. It travels to the throat and causes pain in the throat and then continues to the trachea or airway until it reaches the lung tissue. Here the danger of this virus lies as it causes pneumonia resulting in shortness of breathing and difficult breath.
Does Coronavirus lead to death?
The probability of death varies according to several factors, data, and location, the percentage is generally 5%, and in some countries, the percentage is greater.
As for deaths, many of the infected are transferred to the intensive care unit, and there Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome is discovered, which makes the symptoms more severe and the condition more difficult, which increases the possibility of death.
The possibility of death is more apparent in the elderly, especially those who have chronic diseases, but those who are younger often recover.
Is an effective treatment for Coronavirus discovered?
There is no 100% treatment, but there are drugs used to treat other diseases. Almost 5-6 drugs approved by the Turkish Ministry of Health:
- Hydroxychloroquine is used to treat malaria, which is thought to slow the disease.
- Antivirals " Oseltamivir" usually given to flu patients. It is prescribed if the patient is suspected to have a Corona. If the condition improves, then the patient suffers from the flu. If the condition does not change, the patient has Corona.
- Lopinavir / Ritonavir is used if Oseltamivir is unsuccessful.
- Favipiravir has been famous on social media as the treatment that came from China and it is not a treatment for corona but was used before to treat other viruses and many countries around the world including Turkey started using it in intensive care.
Are children and youth less likely to catch Coronavirus?
It depends on the immunity, it is stronger among young people, so the symptoms are mild, but this does not mean that they are safe from infection, especially since smoking is widespread among young people, and the doctor noted that there are deaths among young people as well, so the virus and prevention measures should not be underestimated.
While in the elderly the immunity is weaker with the presence of chronic diseases, which leads to a greater probability of death.
Who is most vulnerable to infection with Coronavirus?
It can catch every one of all ages and it appears that the elderly and people with pre-existing medical conditions (such as asthma, diabetes, and heart disease) are more likely to be infected with the virus.
According to the Filyasyon procedure, people who were in contact with infected people were more likely to be infected, and this explains the reason for the high incidence of infections among the tests that the state conducts daily, which began to decrease gradually.
Does smoking exacerbate the complications of the Coronavirus?
The doctor answered that the smoke affects the cilium and the respiratory tract cells that protect the respiratory tract from foreign substances. Smoking damages these cells, so the severity and strength of the disease are greater.
How does Coronavirus infection affect asthma patients?
Asthma is a chronic inflammation of the airway or trachea usually diagnosed in childhood
Treatment of asthma depends on the cortisol sprays or pills in severe cases, but cortisol pills weaken the immunity, so the doctor advises to avoid them in the current period, unless necessary.
Does flu affect Coronavirus?
It was believed that the symptoms would be milder if the influenza patient catch Coronavirus as a result of the effectiveness and readiness of the immune system, but it turned out exactly the opposite, as it increases the severity of the disease and endangers life.
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